Austrians for terms. the leadership for the new Italy. He also failed to fulfill the promises that had gained him popular and military support by the Sicilians: that the new nation would be a republic, not a kingdom, and that the Sicilians would see great economic gains after unification. Pope Benedict VIII also requested aid from the maritime republics of Pisa and Genoa in the struggle against the Arabs.[12]. Riforma monetaria per il Regno di Sardegna. F. RUFFINI, Relazioni tra Stato e Chiesa, Lineamenti storici e sistematici a cura di F. Margiotta Broglio, 1 vol. e la guerra del 1848-1849. That was the cause of conflicts leading to a long war between the Judges, who regarded themselves as kings fighting against rebellious nobles.[22]. Nuova monetazione per l’Isola. Cavour was satisfied with the unification, while Garibaldi, who was too revolutionary for the king and his prime minister, wanted to conquer Rome as well. When the Duchy of Savoy acquired the Kingdom of Sicily in 1713 and the Kingdom of Sardinia in 1723, the flag of Savoy became the flag of a naval power. The Crown of Aragon was made by a council of representatives of the various states and grew in importance for the main purpose of separating the legacy of Ferdinand II of Aragon from that of Isabella I of Castile when they married in 1469. There were other reasons beside this papal decision: it was the final successful result of the long fight against the Ghibelline (pro-imperial) city of Pisa and the Holy Roman Empire itself. Corsica, which had never been conquered, was dropped from the formal title and Sardinia passed with the Crown of Aragon to a united Spain. In his proclamation to the people of Lombardy the king trusted in the aid of God who had given Buy Tra idealità e ideologia. Lombardy, in the west, the Neapolitans and the papal forces in the south, and the troops of the recently reinforcements, assumed the offensive and on July 25, the Piedmontese were defeated at Custozza. re-established Venetian republic, in the east. Piedmontese and Austrian armies. Carlo Emanuele III (1746-1773) 3 cagliaresi I ... Carlo Alberto (1831-1849) 5 Lire 1848 - Genova - Gig. Il reggimento cavalleggeri di Sardegna 1833-1853. ", Schena, Olivetta. The Judicate of Arborea, the only Sardinian state that remained independent of foreign domination, proved far more difficult to subdue. ministry. On 6 December 1798 Joubert occupied Turin and forced Charles Emmanuel IVto abdicate and leave for the island of Sardinia. In the reaction after Napoleon, the country was ruled by conservative monarchs: Victor Emmanuel I (1802–21), Charles Felix (1821–31) and Charles Albert (1831–49), who fought at the head of a contingent of his own troops at the Battle of Trocadero, which set the reactionary Ferdinand VII on the Spanish throne. 313 págs., Società Editrice Il Mulino (Bologna 1974); A. C. JEMOLO, La questione della proprietà ecclesiastica nel regno di Sardegna e nel regno d'ltalia (1848-1888), 1 vol. These changes typified Sardinia. Because the Kingdom of Sardinia had existed since the 14th century, the exchange allowed Victor Amadeus to retain the title of king in spite of the loss of Sicily. The Savoyards united it with their historical possessions on the Italian mainland, and the Kingdom came to be progressively identified with the Mainland states, which included, besides Savoy and Aosta, dynastic possessions like the Principality of Piedmont and the County of Nice (over both of which the Savoyards had been exercising their control since the 13th century and 1388, respectively). 56–96, Crónica del califa 'Abd ar-Rahmân III an-Nâsir entre los años 912–942,(al-Muqtabis V), édicion. This region, named Allobrigia and later "Sapaudia" in Latin, was integrated to the Roman Empire. At the time of his struggles with Arborea, Peter IV of Aragon granted an autonomous legislature to the Kingdom and its legal traditions. Other areas remained independent, such as the powerful communes of Asti and Alessandria, and the marquisates of Saluzzo and Montferrat. and France who were determined to preserve Piedmont as a buffer between France and Austria. Threatened by the Aragonese claims of suzerainty and consolidation of the rest of the island, in 1353 Arborea, under the leadership of Marianus IV, started the conquest of the remaining Sardinian territories, which formed the Kingdom of Sardinia. (http://www.ohiou.edu/~chastain/rz/sard.htm) on October 26, 2004. Charles Albert, who assumed the throne in 1831, entertained expansionist if not patriotic ideas. Volume quarto (3 gennaio 1853 - 27 marzo 1857). [Nello Rosselli; Paolo Treves] Even the title of "Judge" was a Byzantine reminder of the Greek church and state[citation needed], in times of harsh relations between eastern and western churches (Massacre of the Latins, 1182, Siege of Constantinople (1204), Recapture of Constantinople, 1261). General Radetzky, who received Search : Show : Sort by : Go. 17:40 . English: coat of arms of the Kingdom of Sardinia from 28 November 1848 to 1861 and of the Kingdom of Italy from 1861 to 4 May 1870. Storia constitutuzionale d'Italia. Dal 1848 è deputato al Parlamento del Regno di Sardegna; con il governo D’Azeglio diventa Ministro dell’Agricoltura, del Commercio, della Marina e in seguito delle Finanze. the Risorgimento and the first war of Italian independence, 1848-1849. questioned. This alarmed Napoleon, who feared a strong Savoyard state on his south-eastern border and he insisted that if the Kingdom of Sardinia were to keep the new acquisitions they would have to cede Savoy and Nice to France. constitution, Charles Albert was forced to follow suit in February. pp. "Reluctant Revolutionaries: Moderate Liberalism in the Kingdom of Sardinia, 1849-1859. This was done after somewhat controversial referendums showed over 99.5% majorities in both areas in favour of joining France.[27]. The Piedmontese Cesare Balbo disagreed, and in his Of these sovereigns, only two names are known: Turcoturiu and Salusiu (Tουρκοτουριου βασιλικου προτοσπαθαριου [18] και Σαλουσιου των ευγενεστατων άρχωντων),[19][20] who probably ruled in the 10th century. I neo guelfi : patrioti che volevano una confederazione di Stati sotto la guida del Papa . decided to secure a diplomatic rather than military solution to the country's dilemma. The enthusiasm for Pius which ensued, as well as the competition with Rome for leadership, In Turin as well as Milan Charles Albert's leadership and even his commitment to the national cause were After a short and disastrous renewal of the war with Austria in 1849, Charles Albert abdicated on 23 March 1849 in favour of his son Victor Emmanuel II. that lasted ten years at most. We use cookies and similar tools to enhance your shopping experience, to provide our services, understand how customers use … R AR q.SPL Closed at: 2020-04-18 09:00:00 Rome Time Login to see auctions results Watch this lot Print Sylloge App Email: info@ghiglione.it. The Archons still wrote in Greek or Latin, but one of the oldest documents left of the Judicate of Cagliari (the so-called Carta Volgare), issued by Torchitorio I de Lacon-Gunale in 1070, was already written in the Romance Sardinian language, albeit with the Greek alphabet. Based on this source: Bandiere Stati preunitari italiani: Sardegna. In 1814, the Crown of Savoy enlarged its territories with the addition of the former Republic of Genoa, now a duchy, and it served as a buffer state against France. In appendice: Statuto fondamentale del Regno di Sardegna (1848); Costituzione della Repubblica romana (1849) ecc. Fuit Mugietus reversus in Sardineam, et cepit civitatem edificare ibi atque homines Sardos vivos in cruce murare. On the Hopes of Italy (1844) stressed that Piedmont rather than the papacy had to provide Il Risorgimento italiano, 1831- 1848 1. The Rattazzi ministry which followed the Gioberti cabinet disagreed, ", C. Zedda-R. Pinna, La nascita dei giudicati, proposta per lo scioglimento di un enigma storiografico, su Archivio Storico Giuridico Sardo di Sassari, vol. On 17 March 1861, law no. In 1792, the Kingdom of Sardinia and the other states of the Savoy Crown joined the First Coalition against the French First Republic, but was beaten in 1796 by Napoleon and forced to conclude the disadvantageous Treaty of Paris (1796), giving the French army free passage through Piedmont. The revolution in Milan and writing that while Italy could have "gone it alone" against Austria, Piedmont by herself could not make By the Treaty of Utrecht of 1713, Spain's European empire was divided: Savoy received Sicily and parts of the Duchy of Milan, while Charles VI (the Holy Roman Emperor and Archduke of Austria), received the Spanish Netherlands, the Kingdom of Naples, Sardinia, and the bulk of the Duchy of Milan. Find products from magFlags at low prices. Author: FDRMRZUSA: Permission ... Bandiera del Regno di Sardegna sabaudo; Casa Savoia; Metadata. in, Romani, Roberto. Many of the volunteers drifted away as the struggle Mastino Attilio, Storia della Sardegna Antica, Il Maestrale, Nuoro, 2005, Meloni Piero, La Sardegna Romana, Chiarella, Sassari, 1980, Motzo Bachisio Raimondo, Studi sui bizantini in Sardegna e sull'agiografia sarda, Deputazione di Storia Patria della Sardegna, Cagliari, 1987. In 1297, Pope Boniface VIII, intervening between the Houses of Anjou and Aragon, established on paper a Regnum Sardiniae et Corsicae that would be a fief of the Papacy. The Red Shirt and the Cross of Savoy. Proposta per lo scioglimento di un enigma storiografico, in Archivio Storico Giuridico di Sassari, seconda serie, n° 12, 2007, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 04:43. Ep. Date: 1816-1848: Source: Own work. During the 3rd century BC, the Allobroges settled down in the region between the Rhône and the Alps. Eventually, King Charles Albert adopted the "revolutionary" Italian tricolor, surmounted by the Savoyard shield, as his flag. Facing Arab attempts to sack and conquer, while having almost no outside help, Sardinia utilized the principle of translatio imperii ("transfer of rule") and continued to organize itself along the ancient Roman and Byzantine model. a cura de P. CHALMETA – F. CORRIENTE, Madrid, 1979, p. 365 "Tuesday, August 24th 942 (A.D.), a messenger of the Lord of the island of Sardinia appeared at the gate of al-Nasir ... asking for a treaty of peace and friendship. Due to Saracen attacks, in the 9th century Tharros was abandoned in favor of Oristano, after more than 1800 years of occupation; Caralis, Porto Torres and numerous other coastal centres suffered the same fate. "1017. La politica degli stati italiani durante il returned to the position and frontiers provided by the treaties of 1815, constrained to give up all claims to the Nonetheless in the quest for Piedmont. The two islands proposed for this new kingdom were occupied by other states and fiefs at the time. Inghilterra e Regno di Sardegna : dal 1815 al 1847. When the Mainland domains of the House of Savoy were occupied and eventually annexed by Napoleonic France, the king of Sardinia temporarily resided on the island for the first time in Sardinia's history under Savoyard rule. Istituto storico italiano per l'età moderna e contemporanea, 1993 - Austria. We use cookies and similar tools to enhance your shopping experience, to provide our services, understand how customers use … Victor Emanuel I disbanded the entire Code Napoléon and returned the lands and power to the nobility and the Church. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1956. p. 753, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, fusion of all its provinces into a single jurisdiction, "Limba Sarda 2.0S'italianu in Sardigna? This was an inducement to join in the effort to restore Sicily, then under the rule of James's brother Frederick III of Sicily, to the Angevin dynasty over the oppositions of the Sicilians. Forged by the "From Galleys to Square Riggers: The modernization of the navy of the Kingdom of Sardinia. He died in 1272 without direct recognized heirs after a detention of 23 years in a prison in Bologna. materialize. and Camillo di Cavour. ... transactions which drew gain and great benefits", Constantini Porphyrogeneti De caerimoniis aulae Byzantinae, in Patrologia cursus completus. In 1347 CE Aragon made war on landlords of the Doria House and the Malaspina House, who were citizens of the Republic of Genoa, which controlled most of the lands of the former Logudoro state in north-western Sardinia, including the city of Alghero and the semiautonomous Republic of Sassari, and added them to its direct domains. ", AAVV. that Italy regain its national greatness under the leadership of the pope and the military support of The island was not the personal property of the ruler and of his family, as was then the dominant practice in western Europe, but rather a separate entity and during the Byzantine Empire, a monarchical republic, as it had been since Roman times. 10. The Crown of Aragon did not reduce the last of the Judicates (indigenous kingdoms of Sardinia) until 1420. La questione della proprietà ecclesiastica nel Regno di Sardegna e nel Regno d'Italia, 1848-1888 / Arturo Carlo Jemolo. On March 23, In 1792, the Kingdom of Sardinia and the other states of the Savoy Crown joined the First Coalition against the French First Republic, but was beaten in 1796 by Napoleon and forced to conclude the disadvantageous Treaty of Paris (1796), giving the French army free passage through Piedmont. Genoa had also ruled Corsica since conquering the island nearly two centuries before (c. 1133). Charles Albert confided to Massimo D'Azeglio that when the opportunity arose (a cura di F. Manconi), La società sarda in età spagnola, Cagliari, Consiglio Regionale della Sardegna, 2 voll., 1992-3. In 1852, a liberal ministry under Count Camillo Benso di Cavour was installed and the Kingdom of Sardinia became the engine driving Italian unification. Find products from magFlags at low prices. Its monarchs were ambitious, Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. at the opening of the nineteenth century was more French than Italian. Data: 3 avril 2010: Sorgiss: ... Regno di Sardegna (1720-1861) In the same year the island of Sardinia, a Piedmontese dependency since more than a century, lost its own residual autonomy to the Mainland through the so-called Perfect fusion issued by Charles Albert; as a result, the Kingdom's fundamental institutions were deeply transformed, assuming the shape of a constitutional and centralized monarchy on the French model; under the same pressure, Charles Albert declared war on Austria. On 5 March 1860, Piacenza, Parma, Tuscany, Modena, and Romagna voted in referendums to join the Kingdom of Sardinia. Consequently Piedmont In 1353, Arborea waged war on Aragon. I federali : volevano creare una federazione di stati seguendo il modello degli Stati Uniti d’Europa. Starting from 705–706, Saracens from north Africa (recently conquered by Arab armies) harassed the population of the coastal cities. They later submitted to the Romans (c. 220 BC), who founded several colonies there including Augusta Taurinorum (Turin) and Eporedia (Ivrea). He then marched to Gaeta in the central peninsula. Early in March the provisions exercising a greater degree of independence than any other Italian rulers, and their influence extended The defeat of the local kingdoms, communes and signorie, the firm Aragonese (later Spanish) rule, the introduction of a sterile feudalism, as well as the discovery of the Americas, provoked an unstoppable decline of the Kingdom of Sardinia. break the armistice and renew the war with Austria. Austria. The Kingdom was a member of the Council of Aragon and initially consisted of the islands of Corsica and Sardinia, sovereignty over both of which was claimed by the Papacy, which granted them as a fief, the regnum Sardiniae et Corsicae ("kingdom of Sardinia and Corsica"), to King James II of Aragon in 1297. In 1420, after the Sardinian–Aragonese war, the last competing claim to the island was bought out. Coroneo Roberto, Scultura mediobizantina in Sardegna, Nuoro, Poliedro, 2000, Gallinari Luciano, Il Giudicato di Cagliari tra XI e XIII secolo. Ep.7 I Carabinieri Reali in Sardegna e i loro antenati 1726-1832. Amazon.com : magFlags Large Flag Kingdom of Sardinia 1848 | Regno di Sardegna nel periodo 1816-1848 | Sa Rennu de Sardigna, 1816-1848 | Landscape Flag | 1.35m² | 14.5sqft | 90x150cm | 3x5ft - 100% Made : Outdoor Flags : Garden & Outdoor Proposte di interpretazioni istituzionali, in Rivista dell'Istituto di Storia dell'Europa Mediterranea, n°5, 2010. Martin, George. The Italian euphoria ended as divisions, defections and disappointment ensued. Ghisalberti, Carlo. The Kingdom of Sardinia and Corsica (later, just the "Kingdom of Sardinia" from 1460[25]) was a state whose king was the King of Aragon, who started to conquer it in 1324, gained full control in 1410, and directly ruled it until 1460. The campaign which opened with such high expectations in 1848 ended with the Austrian occupation of Lomellina *FREE* shipping on … earlier repression at home, wrote On the Moral and Civil Primacy of the Italians, proposing Theking's generals agreed with Cavour, noting the disparities in training and preparation of the The subduing of Sardinia having taken a century, Corsica, which had never been wrestled from the Genoese, was dropped from the formal title of the Kingdom. Con sottolineature a matita nell'appendice. national leadership this northwestern kingdom enjoyed some advantages. Pensieri e azionidel Risorgimento italiano/1 1830 - 1849 2. In 1799 the Austro-Russians briefly occupied the city, but with the Battle of Marengo (1800), the French regained control. This was confirmed by the Congress of Vienna, which returned the region of Savoy to its borders after it had been annexed by France in 1792. Cesare Balbo observed that their country never concluded permanent peace with Austria, but only signed truces the Piedmontese forces were routed by General Radetzky,s army at Novara, and Charles Albert asked the Monti, Antonio. The exchange was formally ratified in the Treaty of The Hague of 17 February 1720. Piedmont became the most dominant and wealthiest region in Italy and the capital of Piedmont, Turin, remained the Italian capital until 1865, when the capital was moved to Florence. stato di nuovo intonso. In 1859, France sided with the Kingdom of Sardinia in a war against Austria, the Austro-Sardinian War. The Savoy-led Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia was thus the legal predecessor of the Kingdom of Italy, which in turn is the predecessor of the present-day Italian Republic.[11]. After that, communications with Constantinople became very difficult, and powerful families of the island assumed control of the land. [21], The realm was divided into four small kingdoms, the Judicates, perfectly organized as was the previous realm, but was now under the influence of the Pope and the Holy Roman Empire. The Romans ruled the island until the middle of the 5th century when it was occupied by the Vandals, who had also settled in north Africa. La questione della proprietà ecclesiastica nel Regno di Sardegna e nel Regno d'Italia, 1848-1888. The item I rapporti tra il regno di Sardegna e Venezia negli anni 1848 e 1849 da documenti inediti represents a specific, individual, material embodiment of a distinct intellectual or artistic creation found in University of Missouri Libraries. by a strong army, a long military tradition, and an efficient bureaucracy. Lot 1002. In 1420, Alfonso V of Aragon, king of Sicily and heir to Aragon, bought the remaining territories for 100,000 gold florins of the Judicate of Arborea in the 1420 from the last Judge William III of Narbonne and the "Kingdom of Sardinia" extended throughout the island, except for the city of Castelsardo (at that time called Casteldoria or Castelgenovese) that was stolen from the Doria in 1448, and renamed Castillo Aragonés (Aragonese Castle). A short period of uprisings occurred under the local noble Leonardo Alagon, marquess of Oristano, who defended his territories against the Viceroy Nicolò Carroz and managed to defeat the viceroy's army in the 1470s, but was later crushed at the Battle of Macomer in 1478, ending any further revolts in the island. Ticino. Search. Español: Escudo del Reino de Cerdeña (1848-1861) y del Reino de Italia (1861-1870). 337, bross. The first could not reunify the island under his rule, despite years of war against the other Sardinian judges, and he finally concluded a peace treaty with them in 1172. The provisionary government voted to unite Piedmont with France. With him were the merchants, people Malfat, known in al-Andalus as from Amalfi, with the whole range of their precious goods, ingots of pure silver, brocades etc. Jemolo, Arturo Carlo, 1891-1981. errors of 1848-1849, prophesying they would do better next time. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the region was repeatedly invaded by the Burgundians, the Goths (5th century), Byzantines, Lombards (6th century), and the Franks (773). Forged by the dukes of Savoy who in 1720 acquired the island of Sardinia and the title of king, their capital Turin, at the opening of the nineteenth century was more French than Italian. The island of Sardinia stayed out of the reach of the French for the rest of the war. Le relazioni diplomatiche fra L'Austria e il Regno di Sardegna His position was supported by two fellow Piedmontese, Massimo D'Azeglio The political situation in Sardinia after 1324 when the Aragonese conquered the Pisan territories of Sardinia, which included the defunct Judicate of Cagliari and Gallura. The name of the state was originally Latin: Christopher Storrs, "Savoyard Diplomacy in the Eighteenth Century (1684–1798)", in Daniela Frigo (ed. Garibaldi was disappointed in this development, as well as in the loss of his home province, Nice, to France. 20 ottobre 1681. and Alessandria in 1849. [24] The second did not have the opportunity. edit. the people in each of the Italian states pressed their princes to support Charles Albert's war against ", Romani, Roberto. Display by: Grid Grid List . Following the election of Giovanni Mastai-Ferretti as Pius IX in 1846, the neo-Guelph dream seemed to simulated Charles Albert to hasten his reform program, removing many of the restrictions on the press. In April 1848 Pius IX Il rinnovamento costituzionale nel Regno di Sardegna fra la primavera 1847 e l'inverno 1848 by Romano Ferrari Zumbini (ISBN: 9788834883983) from Amazon's Book Store. Regno di Sardegna; Regno di Sardegna. the Piedmontese declaration of war against Austria unleashed a wave of enthusiasm in the peninsula, as he would commit his life, his children's life, his treasury, and his army to the Italian cause. The Austrians might have imposed harsher terms but for the watchful position of England General Radetzky soon faced the Piedmontese army, swelled by volunteers from the Duchies and Cavour angrily resigned from office when it became clear that Victor Emmanuel would accept this arrangement. Le relazioni diplomatiche fra l'Austria e il Regno di Sardegna: 1830-1848: v. 1. a profound hatred for him, Charles Albert abdicated in favor of his son Victor Emanuel, going to his exile and death. During the Napoleonic era, it was replaced in general circulation by the French franc. of the statuto were announced as Cesare Balbo presided over Piedmont's first constitutional 236–2 and Gli Annales Pisani di Bernardo Maragone, a cura di M. L.GENTILE, in Rerum Italicarum Scriptores, n.e., VI/2, Bologna 1930, pp. 87 - Ag gr. K. PERTZ, in MGH, Scriptores, 19,Hannoverae, 1861/1963, pp. The currency in use in Savoy was the Piedmontese scudo. After initial success, the war took a turn for the worse and Charles Albert was defeated by Marshal Radetzky at the Battle of Custozza (1848). Wambaugh, Sarah & Scott, James Brown (1920), Patria del Friuli (Patriarchate of Aquileia), Revolutions of 1848 in the Italian states, Museum of the Risorgimento (Castelfidardo), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kingdom_of_Sardinia&oldid=994334177, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles containing Sardinian-language text, Articles containing Piedmontese-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles lacking in-text citations from May 2020, Articles with Latin-language sources (la), Articles with Catalan-language sources (ca), Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Articles with Sardinian-language sources (sc), Articles with Italian-language sources (it), Articles with French-language sources (fr), Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the flag caption or type parameters, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2015, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Antonicelli, Aldo. Hearder, Harry. Due to the Austrian government's refusal to cede any lands to the Kingdom of Sardinia, they agreed to cede Lombardy to Napoleon, who in turn then ceded the territory to the Kingdom of Sardinia to avoid 'embarrassing' the defeated Austrians. Please E-mail comments or suggestions to chastain@www.ohiou.edu. dukes of Savoy who in 1720 acquired the island of Sardinia and the title of king, their capital Turin, Following the restoration of Following the bloody battles of Magenta and Solferino, both French victories, Napoleon thought the war too costly to continue and made a separate peace behind Cavour's back in which only Lombardy would be ceded. At the time Piedmont, as part of the Kingdom of Italy within the Holy Roman Empire, was subdivided into several marks and counties. 1814 and the Congress of Vienna, it was enlarged by absorbing Genoa. Volume Ottavo (I Marzo 1860 - 30 Marzo 1861). : In-8° gr. 4 marzo 1848: Carlo Alberto emana lo Statuto, che resterà in vigore fino al 31 dicembre 1947. Their predictions materialized, for within This reactionary policy went as far as discouraging the use of roads built by the French. Piedmont was inhabited in early historic times by Celto-Ligurian tribes such as the Taurini and the Salassi. Cavour concurred, a half million people was both a maritime and Italian power. Ed. Sardinia-Piedmont, Kingdom of, 1848-1849. The former did not come to pass until 1946. Select Your Cookie Preferences. REGNO DI SARDEGNA CARLO ALBERTO (1831-1848) - 25 centesimi 1833 Torino - Pagani 332. 14:04 ... Ep8. Three days later The Kingdom of Sardinia took part in the Crimean War, allied with the Ottoman Empire, Britain, and France, and fighting against Russia. But many revolts exploded throughout the peninsula, especially in southern Italy, and on the island of Sicily, because of the perceived unfair treatment of the south by the Piedmontese ruling class. Risorgimento. There followed the annexation of Lombardy (1859), the central Italian states and the Two Sicilies (1860), Venetia (1866), and the Papal States (1870). The Kingdom of Sardinia from 1410 to 1420, after the defeat of the Arborean Judicate in the Battle of Sanluri (1409). What people are saying - Write a review. 0 Reviews. Before the Kingdom of Sardinia and Corsica, the Archons (ἄρχοντες) or, in Latin, judices,[13][14] who reigned in the island from the 9th or 10th century until the beginning of the 11th century, can be considered real kings of all Sardinia (Κύριε βοήθε ιοῦ δού λού σου Tουρκοτουρίου ἅρχωντοσ Σαρδινίας καί τής δού ληςσου Γετιτ[15]),[16][17] even though nominal vassals of the Byzantine emperors. In 1323 James II formed an alliance with Hugh II of Arborea and, following a military campaign which lasted a year or so, occupied the Pisan territories of Cagliari and Gallura along with the city of Sassari, claiming the territory as the Kingdom of Sardinia and Corsica.